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2022年自学考试学位英语模拟考试题目真题试卷及答案解析

来源:湖南师范大学自考本科 时间:2022-09-22

  2022年自学考试学位英语模拟考试真题试卷及答案解析

  Part II Cloze (20 points)

  Directions: There are 20 numbered blanks in the following passage. For each blank, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D, choose the one that best completes the dialogue and mark your answer on the ANSEWR SHEET.

  The Voice of America began during the World WarⅡ. When Germany was broadcasting a radio program to get international 21___American officials believed they should 22___the German broadcast with words that they thought were the facts of world events. The first VOA news report began with words in 23___ “The 24___ may be good or bad, but we shall tell you the truth.” Within a week, other VOA 25____ were broadcasting in Italian, French and English.

  After the World WarⅡended in 1945, some Americans felt VOA‘s 26____ had to be changed, 27 ____the Soviet Union became enemy of AmericA.They wanted to 28 ____Soviet listeners. Then VOA began broadcasting in Russian.

  In the early years VOA began adding something new to its broadcast that was 29__________ “ Music USA”. Another new idea came along in 1959.VOA knew that many listeners did not know 30__________ English to completely understand its 31__________ English broadcast. So VOA 32 __________a simpler kind of English, 33__________ uses about 1,500 words and is spoken 34 __________of course, it is special English.

  In the 35__________ of most VOA listeners, the most 36__________ program is the news report. News fromaround the world 37__________ into the VOA news rooms in Washington 24 hours a day. It comes from VOA reporters in 38__________ cities and also from other 39__________ like BBC.VOA writers and editors use these materials to 40__________ news reports, which are being broadcast in 43 languages.

  21. A.business B.culture C.support D.information

  22. A.reply B.answer C.join D.interrupt

  23. A.same B.short C.English D.German

  24. A.news B.problems C.effects D.opinions

  25. A.stations B.news C.announcers D.officials

  26. A.home B.position C.purpose D.results

  27. A.if B.supposing C.considering D.in order that

  28. A.reach B.satisfy C.attack D.support

  29. A.known B.reported C.called D.printed

  30.A.American B.British C.standard D.enough

  31.A.normal B.fast C.good D.exact

  32.A.invented B.discovered C.taught D.stopped

  33.A.it B.who C.which D.that

  34.A.slowly B.rapidly C.normally D.loudly

  35.A.pleasure B.course C.opinion D.advice

  36.A.difficult B.important C.various D.common

  37.A.flies B.sends C.delivers D.pasts

  38.A.all B.major C.American D.news

  39.A.broadcasts B.forms C.newspapers D.countries

  40.A.broadcast B.announce C.translate D.prepare
 

湖南师范大学自考本科

  【参考答案】

  21—25 CBDAC 26—30 CCACD 31—35 AACAC 36—40 BABAD

  21.选C.二战期间,德国做广播节目的初衷应是呼吁国际“支持(support)”,而不可能是另三项。

  22.选B.由with words可以想到answer.reply后接宾语时要加to.

  23.选D.要回复德国电台,得用“德文”来播,这样德国人能听懂。

  24.选A.前文已说了播出的是news report.

  25.选C.播音的主体当然是announcers(播音员)了。

  26.选C.VOA电台成立之初的目标主要是对二战中的一些敌对进行宣传,随着二战结束,敌对有所改变,那么广播的目的与对象的也应随之而改变。

  27.选C.considering“考虑到……”,表示改变广播目的背景。

  28.选A.reach是中性词,其他三词要么是褒义,要么是贬义,在此不合语境。

  29.选C.be called “被称做…”。

  30.选D.对英语不是很精通才导致不能完全听懂英文广播的。

  31.选A.区别于后文提到的special English.

  32.选A.原来没有的东西,现在有了,故用invent.

  33.选C.引导非限制性定语从句,指物。

  34.选A.正常英语听不懂,除了词汇问题,更重要的还有语速问题,即速度要“慢”。

  35.选C.后面叙述的就是看法、观点。

  36.选B.后面的内容体现了新闻报道的重要性。

  37.选A.flies表达了新闻的及时、快速的特点,其余的词没有这种意思。

  38.选B.major cities指大城市。根据常识可排除A、D,根据around the world,可排除C.

  39.选A.由like可知,所选词须与BBC同类。

  40.选D.由后面的定语从句可以推知,这里指新闻报道的前期“准备”工作。

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